Home is the warmest harbor. The decoration of the home will not only affect the appearance but also affect the mood of the residents. Choosing glass railings as residential railings can greatly reduce your worries.In this article, we will explain in detail the types of glass suitable for the panels used as railings, the thickness of the glass and how to design glass railings.
Which glass is the most suitable for the residential stair glass railing?
Glass is characterized by its good permeability, does not block the light, very suitable for small households, minimalist style decoration is more suitable for the use of glass stair railings. Glass staircase balustrade first in the visual can increase its sense of openness, its shortcomings is poor durability, high price, breakage is easy to hurt people. Home staircase glass is usually tempered glass, laminated glass and ordinary glass, etc.. Among them, tempered glass has good safety and wear resistance, can effectively prevent broken; laminated glass has sound insulation, thermal insulation, heat insulation, moisture and other functions; ordinary glass can achieve the best effect of indoor space lighting, with light transmission and decorative, but the safety is poor, so it is not recommended.
1. Architectural glass
With the development of modern science and technology and glass technology and the improvement of people’s living standards, the function of architectural glass is no longer just to meet the requirements of light, but to have the ability to regulate light, heat insulation, security (bulletproof, anti-theft, fire, radiation, electromagnetic interference), artistic decoration and other characteristics. With the continuous development of demand, the molding and processing methods of glass has also seen new developments. Has developed laminated, tempered, ion exchange, glazed decorative, chemical thermal decomposition and cathodic sputtering and other new technology glass, so that the amount of glass in the building is rapidly increasing, becoming the third largest building materials after cement and steel.
2. Heat-Strengthened Glass
Glass strengthening is a glass secondary processing process, generally refers to chemical glass, is to improve the strength of the glass by changing the chemical composition of the surface of the glass, generally by applying ion exchange method for strengthening. The finished product has the characteristics of high strength and is mainly used to manufacture touch screen covers for electronic products. The basic principle is to change the composition of the glass surface to improve the strength of the glass, the method is to use other alkali metal ions and the glass surface Na + or K + ions exchange, the surface of the formation of ion exchange layer, when cooled to room temperature, the glass is in the inner layer of tension, the outer layer of pressure, so as to achieve the purpose of increasing the strength, the effect is similar to tempered glass.
3. Tempered glass
Tempered glass belongs to safety glass. Tempered glass is actually a kind of pre-stressed glass, in order to improve the strength of the glass, usually using chemical or physical methods to form compressive stress on the surface of the glass, the glass withstand external forces first offset the surface stress, thereby increasing the load-bearing capacity, enhancing the glass itself to resist wind pressure, cold and heat, impact, etc. Note the distinction from FRP.
How thick should residential glass stair railing be?
“Technical Regulations for the Application of Glass in Buildings” indoor railing glass shall comply with the following provisions.
Do not bear the horizontal load of the railing glass should be used in accordance with the provisions of Table 7.1.1-l of this regulation, and the nominal thickness of not less than 5 mm tempered glass, or nominal thickness of not less than 6.38 mm laminated glass.
The horizontal load bearing bar glass should be used in accordance with the provisions of Table 7.1.1-1 of this regulation, and the nominal thickness of not less than 12mm tempered glass or nominal thickness of not less than 16.76mm tempered laminated glass. When the lowest point of the bar glass from one side of the floor height of 3m or 3m above, 5m or 5m below, should use a nominal thickness of not less than 16.76mm toughened laminated glass. When the lowest point of the railing glass from one side of the floor height of more than 5m, shall not use the horizontal load railing glass (should be equipped with metal or wooden handrail railing, by the handrail directly bear the horizontal thrust, on its railing glass is “not subject to horizontal load” railing).
What are the characteristics of the glass residential stair railing?
1, Glass fence beautiful and generous, strong and solid for the main features, in modern housing is also more popular, is a good decorative performance of modern fence products, suitable for residential communities, villas, industrial parks, institutions and other places.
2, Transparent to visible light is the biggest feature of the glass, so that natural light fully irradiated into the house. Glass guardrail is bright after installation, visually can expand the space, looks more stylish atmosphere. Suitable for petty life.
3, Novel products, glass handrail is different from the previous solid wood handrail, iron handrail, ancestral unchanging, young people like to go after the fashion personality simple style, the appearance of glass guardrail just in line with the young people simple atmosphere with personality temperament.
How to design a residential glass stair railing?
Glass staircase handrail installation step 1: glass handrail pre-buried parts installation
In the design of the glass staircase, it is necessary to use pre-buried parts. Staircase railing pre-buried parts in the installation process can only be used after adding buried parts practice, the specific practice is to use bolts and steel plates to make the rear connection, first in the staircase of civil engineering grass-roots placement, and then determine the fixed position of the column after drilling holes in the staircase ground with an impact drill, and then install the expansion bolts, but to ensure that the bolts have sufficient length, after the bolt positioning, tighten the bolts at the same time the nut and Weld the screw to prevent the nut from loosening with the steel plate.
Glass staircase handrail installation step 2: put the line
Because after the construction of the above-mentioned embedment, there may be errors in the size of the staircase, therefore, before the installation of the staircase column, should be re-placed line measurement, used to ensure the accuracy of the location of the buried plate and welded rod, if there is a deviation phenomenon, should be timely correction. In order to ensure that the stainless steel column all seat down to the steel plate, and all around can be welded.
Glass staircase handrail installation step 3: installation column
In the glass handrail installation column and welding column process, two people need to cooperate, one holding the steel pipe to keep it vertical, in the welding can not shake, the other person welding, to weld around, and should be in line with the welding specifications.
Glass staircase handrail installation step 4: handrail and column link
Handrail and column connection column before installation, by drawing a long line to put, according to the inclination angle of the stairs and the roundness of the handrail used, the groove is processed at its upper end. Then put the handrail directly into the groove of the column, and install the handrail from one end to the other in order of spot welding, with accurate docking of adjacent handrails and tight joints. After the adjacent steel pipe is docked, the joint is welded with stainless steel welding rod. Before welding, the oil, burr, rust spot, etc. along each side of the weld must be removed within 30-50 mm.
Are residential glass stair railings easy to clean?
Is easy to clean, stainless steel stair railings should be wiped often, otherwise after a long time, the top will fall a lot of dust, will affect the overall beauty.
To wipe clean and then save time, there is also a corresponding method, you can go directly to the market to buy stainless steel oil, and then also to prepare a rag, stainless steel oil poured on top of the rag, and then wipe from top to bottom layer by layer on, so that the wipe out of the handrail will be brighter and cleaner, just like the new.
How to Install residential glass stair railing?
Glass installation: the bottom of the glass slot pad 6mm thick rubber sheet, according to the line position from the bottom up to install 19mm thick tempered glass, coarse adjustment of the plumb, first for temporary fixing, the same method, installed block by block to the stairs a run after the glass on both sides of the filler artificial rubber strip, and put 3mm thick through-length steel plate outside the rubber strip on the inside (pre-painted with anti-rust paint) pull through the line for fine tuning, the method, tighten the angle on the adjustment bolts ( M14) against the steel plate, the steel plate is stressed against the glass to control the glass left and right position and vertical position to fully meet the standard.
Handrail installation: stainless steel handrail selection 38 hairline tube, stainless steel fixings and 19mm thick tempered glass fixed, polished at the weld, pay attention to the contact surface of the fixings and glass should be padded with rubber pads
Cover installation: The upper mouth of the glass is made of hairline stainless steel plate into a U-shaped cover, through the long buckle above the glass, the interface is located in the corner, straightening, welding, grinding and polishing.
Frequently Asked Question (FAQ)
What is the difference between residential glass stair railings and stainless steel stair railings?
We all know that the installation of stairs in the residence, the essential part is the stair handrail, the material of the stair handrail is generally wood, stainless steel, iron and glass stair handrail, and the glass stair handrail with the other three materials to the high price of the stair handrail. Their differences are.
General wooden stair handrails, stainless steel stair handrails, and iron stair handrails appear popular and from the glass stair handrails embodied noble and opulent, showing the mansion owner’s grandeur, high quality of life.
We observe that the most striking staircase should be the stair handrail, glass stair handrail whose transparent material gives the visual effect of expanding the space and becomes the first highlight of the whole home, although its price is slightly higher than other materials of stair handrail, but many users will still choose the glass stair handrail.